website statistics
Join our
Discus Care Guide
Newsletter and get
Instant access to a
Free 10 day
Mini Course !
Name:
E-mail:
Mini Course TOP RATED TOP RATED Recommended Reading View Content

Popular Links

Home>>
Learning Center>>
Discus Types
Discus Types
Getting to Know the Discus Symphysodon, colloquially known as discus, (sometimes referred to pompadour fish) is a genus of cichlids native to the South American countries of Brazil, Peru, Venezuela, and Columbia and are found inhabiting the tributaries of the Amazon River within those countries.
In general, the selective breeding of captive discus has led to a wide divergence in appearance from the wild caught discus. As a bonus these are much more adapted to aquarium life and easier to maintain although they still require dedicated care.
Generally there are two acknowledged species and the third still being discussed as to its validity according to the ICZN rules..(who said that zoology wasn't fun..)
They are relatively large disc shaped cichlids. Depending upon the variety, they can reach up to about 6 -10" (15 - 25cm) in length. They are the most laterally compressed (flattened) of all the cichlids. Within each species there is great variety in shading, patterning, and body types.
1. Symphysodon discus- Red Discus or Heckel 2. Symphysodon aequifascatata- Green/blue Discus- 3. Symphysodon tarzoo
The first species, Symphysodon discus, was the original species that was identified and described by the Viennese ichthyologist Johann Heckel. The Symphysodon discus is actually known as the Heckel discus, because it was first identified by J. Heckel. The Heckel discus is the wild species that is imported directly from places such as Central Brazil.
The first species, Symphysodon discus, was the original species that was identified and described by the Viennese ichthyologist Johann Heckel. The Symphysodon discus is actually known as the Heckel discus, because it was first identified by J. Heckel. The Heckel discus is the wild species that is imported directly from places such as Central Brazil.
Symphysodon aequifascatata, on the other hand, is usually the species available from private breeders and commercial pet shops. .
Blue Diamond Discus
Blue Diamond.  Due to the consistent, high demand for the turquoise subspecies of the Symphysodon aequifascatata, this particular discus is more expensive than the Heckel discus, blue discus, and brown discus. The price is due to the demand – nothing else. 
Blue Diamond Discus
Blue Turquois There is nothing anatomically special about turquoise discus, apart from the fact that their natural coloration is brighter and shinier. So, if a pet store staff or private breeder tells you that their particular strain of turquoise discus is “special”, ask for specific information as to why the discus is special in the first place.
Due to constant breeding the Symphysodon aequifascatata, now comes in a variety of colors and the price will only be based on demand in your area . The variety will add a great dimension to your tank.